Terrestrial Ecology

Terrestrial ecology is one of Cumberland Ecology’s core areas of expertise and we have a team of highly experienced terrestrial ecologists available to work on a wide variety of projects, with experience across Australia in a broad range of ecosystems. Our strong team of botanists and network of specialist subcontractors are skilled in plant identification in New South Wales and Queensland, while our experienced fauna team have an excellent understanding of the habitat requirements of Australian fauna, and the survey techniques required to survey for particular threatened species.

Our specific expertise in relation to terrestrial projects includes:

Field Techniques and Analysis

  • Vegetation mapping and classification
  • Targeted threatened flora searches
  • Fauna habitat assessments
  • Targeted fauna survey (including use of Elliott, pitfall, funnel, hairtube, harp and infra-red camera traps, ultrasonic bat call detection, call playback and spotlighting)
  • BioBanking Assessment Methodology, Biodiversity Certification Assessment
  • Methodology and Framework for Biodiversity Assessment surveys (NSW)
  • Regional Ecosystem mapping (QLD)
  • GIS mapping


  • Ecological constraints analyses
  • Biodiversity Assessment Reports (BAR)and Biodiversity Offset Strategy (BOS) reports for BioBanking, Biocertification and State Significant Projects
  • Impact assessments under the NSW Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, including:
    • Flora and Fauna Assessment Reports (Assessments of Significance or 7-part tests)
    • Species Impact Statements
    • Ecological Impact Assessments for Environmental Assessments / Impact Statements for State Significant Projects
  • Referrals and other reporting to comply with the requirements of the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
  • Offset Investigations:
    • Pre-planning advice on offsetting needs for prospective development projects
    • Selection and surveys of prospective offset sites
    • BioBanking and other analyses of offsetting proposals
    • Management and monitoring of offset sites

Strategic Ecological Advice

  • Pre-planning advice on ecological constraints for prospective development projects
  • Consultation with Federal, State and local government agencies
  • Expert testimony for court work

Monitoring and Management

  • Ongoing compliance monitoring (threatened species, rehabilitation projects, nest box utilisation etc)
  • Monitoring of weeds, feral animals and over abundant native species
  • Biodiversity Management Plans
  • Vegetation Management Plans
  • Threatened Species Management Plans
  • Weeds and Feral Animal Management Plans